Accident Research Institute (ARI), formerly known as the Accident Research Centre (ARC), of Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) is a center of excellence for the advancement of transportation safety research in Bangladesh. The primary objectives of this institute are to research and investigate the causes of crashes on roadways, railways, and waterways in Bangladesh. The institute also shares the acquired knowledge with the practising professionals and creates awareness at the different community level across the country to ensure safer transportation system.
Establishment of ARI/Background of ARI
The Honorable Prime Minister of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh in her first address to the nation declared to establish an Accident Research Centre in mitigating the accident problem in the country. In a meeting regarding the Honorable Prime Minister’s 100 days programs a decision was made to establish an Accident Research Centre at BUET. The Proposed Accident research started its activities from January 2002. At its inception activities were managed at the Traffic Engineering and Safety Research Centre of transportation and Traffic Engineering Division of the Civil Engineering Department, BUET. Later on the center sifted to its own full-fledged 4-storied building sides the Department of Urban and Regional Planning (URP), BUET. After nearly six years of launching, the Accident Research Institute (ARI) has been established by the Syndicate of BUET in its 418th meeting held on 12 January 2008 following the recommendation of the Finance Committee on 08/01/2008 (Office Order No- Songstha/E-30/Re-3806, Dated- 29/01/2008) by converting the erstwhile Accident Research Centre (ARC).
The institute has given the mandated function to carry out scientific research and investigation to ascertain the causes of accidents on roads, railways and waterways in Bangladesh. It has also given the mandated function to create awareness for safety issues at different stages of community across the country and share acquired knowledge with the professionals at different levels to ensure safer transportation system. In order to achieve the above, there are two divisions in the institute: (i) Research and Investigation, and (ii) Education and Training.
Strength of ARI
The strength of ARI can be summarized as:
- ARI is considered the only scientific research institute for road traffic safety research in Bangladesh. Furthermore, ARI is an institute of BUET, which is the best engineering university of Bangladesh. Therefore, it is expected that ARI’s research will ensure the highest standards.
- ARI has an excellent partnership with Bangladesh Police, who are the primary source of road crash data in Bangladesh. ARI maintains a road crash database at the institute also. ARI collects the Accident Report Forms (ARFs) from police every year and updates the institute’s database accordingly.
- Apart from having high academic credentials (Ph.D. (from the USA, Australia)/M.Sc.), the faculty members of ARI have more than 10 years’ experience in road safety field of Bangladesh.
- ARI is a member of National Road Safety Council (NRSC) of Bangladesh, which is an apex body for road safety management in Bangladesh.
- ARI has good experience working with the government and international donor agency, such as, World Bank. Few recent completed tasks of ARI are:
- Rural Road Safety Manual for Local Government Engineering Department (LGED) – Client: LGED; Funded by: World Bank
- Road Safety Training Manual for LGED – Client: LGED; Funded by: World Bank
- Identification of Black Spots on National Highways of Bangladesh – Client: Roads and Highways Department (RHD); Funded by: Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh (GOB)
- Feasibility and Detail Design for Road Safety Improvement for Hazardous Road Locations and Sign, Marking Installation – Client: RHD; Funded by: GOB
- Vehicle Inspection Manual for Bangladesh – Client: Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTA); Funded by: GOB
- ARI since its inception is closely involved with local organizations conducting training and road safety awareness tasks in Bangladesh; for example, ARI has already completed a 5-day training program for Dhaka Transport Coordination Authority (DTCA), and is scheduled to conduct another 7-day training program for DTCA from November 30, 2019.
With the assistance of the World Bank (WB), ARI is now looking forward to enhancing the institute as a regional center of excellence in road safety. Therefore, as a first step, in collaboration with the Government of Bangladesh (GoB), and road safety stakeholders of Bangladesh, ARI needs to be developed as a holistic institute to address the need of safe transport and road infrastructure goals of Bangladesh towards effective and sustainable reduction of road traffic related deaths and trauma in the region.
Scope of ARI
1. Establishment of Institute
1.1 The Accident Research Institute (ARI) has been established by the Syndicate of BUET in its 418th meeting held on 12 January 2008 following the recommendation of the Finance Committee on 08/01/2008 (Office Order No- Songstha/E-30/Re-3806, Dated- 29/01/2008) by converting the erstwhile Accident Research Centre (ARC). The ARC was launched in 2002 by the initiatives of the Ministry of Communications (MoC), Government of the Peoples’ Republic of Bangladesh to carry out scientific research and investigation of accidents in roads, railways and waterways.
1.2 The rules and regulations for functioning of the Institute shall be consistent with the ordinances, the statutes and University ordinances of the University.
2. Aims & Objectives
2.1 The primary focus of the ARI will be on transport related accidents and injuries. Eventually its scope will be broadened to encompass accidents and injuries in all settings.
2.2 Establish and maintain a comprehensive accident and injury database.
2.3 Ascertain and maintain the causes of accidents and injuries and contributory factors.
2.4 Develop accident countermeasures and safety interventions on the basis of scientific studies and engineering knowledge.
2.5 Monitor and evaluate road safety programs and accidents countermeasures.
2.6 Assess economic, social and health impacts of accidents and injuries.
2.7 Conduct high quality research on technological, behavioural and educational safety improvement opportunities and their cost effectiveness.
2.8 Provide training and education on accident prevention and safety technology and management.
2.9 Introduce and administer road safety courses leading to certificates, diplomas and degrees (undergraduate and postgraduate levels).
2.10 Disseminate and share the knowledge and translate them into safety policies and practices.
2.11 Foster safety research excellence through exchange and linkage with institutes/organizations at regional and international levels.
2.12 Provide advisory and expert services to the relevant organizations on the matter of road/rail/waterways safety and safety promotions.
2.13 Through the wider expansion of research works, eventually the Institute would turn into a National Accident Research Institute and hopefully an Institute of Excellence for the advancement in safety research and technology.
2.14 In order to achieve the above, there shall be two divisions in the Institute headed by two respective Associate Directors: (i) Research and Investigation, and (ii) Education and Training.
2.15 The Research and Investigation Division will have the following functions:
• Collection and compilation of accident and injury data from various sources
• Conduct field and on-site investigation of accidents and hazardous sites
• Conduct roadside household and questionnaire surveys relating to road users, vehicles and road environment hazards
• Develop and update accident databases and its surveillance system
• Carryout detailed analysis on accidents and injuries.
ARI at a Glance